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Borno State
Government  |  Natives  |  Boundaries  |  Topography  |  Climate  |  Education  |  Economy  |  Agriculture  |  Minerals  |  Hotels
Capital Maiduguri
Land Area & Rank 69,436.sq km (2)
Year Created Feb. 3, 1976
Governor Kashim Shettima, APC
Deputy Gov Usman Durkwa
L.G.A 27
House of Assembly 28
Major Areas/Towns Maiduguri (capital), Biu,Mafa, Kukawa, Gwoza.
Local Dialects Hausa, Kanuri
Motto “Home of Peace”
Population 2006 Census:
Rank & Sex: 4,151,193 (11),
Male: 2,161,157,
Female: 1,990,036
Contact Phone Gov. Office: 234-76-232988
SSG: 234-76-23277
Info: 234-76-232449
Email: boqov@skannet.com
Liason Office Abuja Liaison Office:
Plot 1512, T.Y. Danjuma St
Off Yakubu Gowon Crescent Asokoro
Tel/Fax: 09-3147231

Lagos Liaison Office:
Plot 1227, Bishop Oluwole Street
Victoria Island, Lagos.
Tel/Fax: 01-2626769
Local Government Areas
LGA Headquarter
Abadan Malumfatori
Askira-Uba Askira
Bama Bama
Bayo Briyel
Biu Biu
Chibok Chibok
Damboa Damboa
Dikwa Dikwa
Gubio Gubio
Guzamala Guzamala
Gwoza Gwoza
Hawul Gawul
Jere Khaddamariu
Kaga Benisheikh
Kala/Balge Kala/Balge
Konduga Konduga
Kukawa Kukawa
Kwaya-Kusar Kwaya-Kusar
Mafa Mafa
Magumeri Magumeri
Maiduguri Metropolitan Maiduguri
Marte Marte
Mobbar Damasak
Monguno Monguno
Ngala Ngala
Ngazai Gajiram
Shani Shani
Hotels & Tourism

Important places: Shehu's Palace, Lake Chad, Rabeh's fort at Dikwa, Marama mountain, Gwoza hills, Sambisa game reserve, Kyarimi Park, Ngiji warm spring

Beach Guest House
332, Galadima Kyari Drive Road,
P.O.Box 32, makurdi
Tel: 234-76-232138

Deribe Hotel
Deribe Street,
Tel: 234-76-232662-3

Lake Chad Hotel
Sir Kashim Ibrahim Road,
P.M.B 11378, Maiduguri
Tel: 234-76-232400, 232452
Fax: 234-76-233041

Maiduguri International Airport Hotel
Opp. Umar Ali Motors Ltd.
Off Airport Road
Tel: 234-76-232513
Borno State is pluralistic in ethnic composition with rich but diverse historical and cultural heritage. The Kanuri is considered to be a mixture of Arab, Hermetic and Negro tribes with long and rich history dating back to about 1,000 AD. They are also found in the east of Chad Republic. The Babur who is the second largest ethnic group in the state are mostly found in Biu, Mandira and Girau. They have a very rich oral tradition. Their great leader Yamtarwala was born in Birnin Ngazargamu and they share a lot in common with the Kanuris, but have a distinctive language and culture. The chiefdoms of Shani, Gwoza, Askira and Uba originated at the beginning of the century. Uba was formerly under Adamawa province but was merged with Borno state in 1976.

Uptil 1914, Dikwa emirate and Gwoza chiefdom were in German Cameroun. Prior to Nigeria's independence in 1960 a plebiscite was held in 1959 in which the two emirates voted to be part of Nigeria. Borno state was created from the defunct Northeast state on February 3, 1976 by the then Gen. Murtala Muhammed’s Administration with Maiduguri as the capital. On August 27, 1991 Yobe state was carved out of the state. On April 18 2007, Mala Kachalla; Governor 1999-2003, died.  


In the North is the Republic of Niger; in the North East is the Republic of Chad. In the East is Cameroun Republic. In the south are Adamawa and Gombe states. In the west is Yobe State.


The state is faced with progressive desert encroachment. Undulating landmass with isolated mountains and hills in the Southern part; a large and plain flat surface in the North leading to the Lake Chad basin.


The climate is warm and dry for most part of the year in the Northern parts while in the south the climate is mild. The annual rainfall ranges from 500mm to 1000mm. The rain season is normally from June to September in the North, and May to October in the South.


The State has 53 secondary schools, 5 Teacher's Colleges, 2 Technical Colleges, 7 Vocational Training Centres and Staff Training Centre. One University (University of Maiduguri); one Polytechnic (Ramat Polytechnic); three Colleges of Education; one College of Legal and Islamic studies and a College of Agriculture.


The state is essentially an agrarian economy. Efforts are made to develop other sectors of the State econmomy. Some industries in the state are: NEITAL shoe factory, Borno clay Products Company and Borno Express.


The state has vast agricultural and livestock potentials, it's the largest livestock producer in West Africa. Major Crops produce in the state includes; Groundnut, Cotton, Gum Arabic, Millet, rice, Cassava, date palms, vegetables, sorghum, sweet potatoes, maize, cowpeas and sugar-cane.

Mineral/Natural Resources:

These are: clay, silica (glass), Kaolin, Uranuim, Diamond, Nepheline, Magnesits, Granite, Feldspar and Corundum.

Famous Natives:

Kashim Ibrahim, Politician. Gaji Galtimari, administrator. Hamed El-Gazala, administrator, Mustapha Umar Ibn El-Kanemi, Monarch. Kyari Umar Ibn El-kanemi, Monarch. Mohammed Nur Alkali, administrator. Shettima Bukar, Administrator.  
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