|Land Area & Rank
||69,436.sq km (2)
||Feb. 3, 1976
||Kashim Shettima, APC
|House of Assembly
||Maiduguri (capital), Biu,Mafa, Kukawa, Gwoza.
||“Home of Peace”
Rank & Sex: 4,151,193 (11),
||Gov. Office: 234-76-232988
Abuja Liaison Office:
Plot 1512, T.Y. Danjuma St
Off Yakubu Gowon Crescent Asokoro
Lagos Liaison Office:
Plot 1227, Bishop Oluwole Street
Victoria Island, Lagos.
|Local Government Areas
Beach Guest House
332, Galadima Kyari Drive Road,
P.O.Box 32, makurdi
Lake Chad Hotel
Sir Kashim Ibrahim Road,
P.M.B 11378, Maiduguri
Tel: 234-76-232400, 232452
Maiduguri International Airport Hotel
Opp. Umar Ali Motors Ltd.
Off Airport Road
Borno State is pluralistic in ethnic composition with rich
but diverse historical and cultural heritage. The Kanuri is
considered to be a mixture of Arab, Hermetic and Negro
tribes with long and rich history dating back to about 1,000
AD. They are also found in the east of Chad Republic. The
Babur who is the second largest ethnic group in the state
are mostly found in Biu, Mandira and Girau. They have a
very rich oral tradition. Their great leader Yamtarwala was
born in Birnin Ngazargamu and they share a lot in common
with the Kanuris, but have a distinctive language and
culture. The chiefdoms of Shani, Gwoza, Askira and Uba
originated at the beginning of the century. Uba was
formerly under Adamawa province but was merged with
Borno state in 1976.
Uptil 1914, Dikwa emirate and
Gwoza chiefdom were in German Cameroun. Prior to
Nigeria's independence in 1960 a plebiscite was held in
1959 in which the two emirates voted to be part of Nigeria.
Borno state was created from the defunct Northeast state
on February 3, 1976 by the then Gen. Murtala
Muhammed’s Administration with Maiduguri as the
capital. On August 27, 1991 Yobe state was carved out of
the state. On April 18 2007, Mala Kachalla; Governor
In the North is the Republic of
Niger; in the North East is the Republic of Chad. In the
East is Cameroun Republic. In the south are Adamawa and
Gombe states. In the west is Yobe State.
The state is faced with progressive desert
encroachment. Undulating landmass with isolated
mountains and hills in the Southern part; a large and plain
flat surface in the North leading to the Lake Chad basin.
The climate is warm and dry for most part of
the year in the Northern parts while in the south the climate
is mild. The annual rainfall ranges from 500mm to
1000mm. The rain season is normally from June to
September in the North, and May to October in the South.
The State has 53 secondary schools, 5
Teacher's Colleges, 2 Technical Colleges, 7 Vocational
Training Centres and Staff Training Centre. One
University (University of Maiduguri); one Polytechnic
(Ramat Polytechnic); three Colleges of Education; one
College of Legal and Islamic studies and a College of
The state is essentially an agrarian economy.
Efforts are made to develop other sectors of the State
econmomy. Some industries in the state are: NEITAL shoe
factory, Borno clay Products Company and Borno Express.
The state has vast agricultural and livestock
potentials, it's the largest livestock producer in West
Africa. Major Crops produce in the state includes;
Groundnut, Cotton, Gum Arabic, Millet, rice, Cassava,
date palms, vegetables, sorghum, sweet potatoes, maize,
cowpeas and sugar-cane.
These are: clay, silica
(glass), Kaolin, Uranuim, Diamond, Nepheline, Magnesits,
Granite, Feldspar and Corundum.
Kashim Ibrahim, Politician. Gaji
Galtimari, administrator. Hamed El-Gazala, administrator,
Mustapha Umar Ibn El-Kanemi, Monarch. Kyari Umar Ibn
El-kanemi, Monarch. Mohammed Nur Alkali,
administrator. Shettima Bukar, Administrator.