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Federal Government of Nigeria
The Judiciary  |  The Legislature  |  Ministries, Parastatals & Agencies
The Executive

Office of the President:

Aso Rock Villa, 3 Arm Square, Abuja, FCT
The elected president who acts as such is elected for a four-year term subject to re-election for another four year. He is the commander of the armed forces of the federation. He maintains communication with the National Assembly, Federal Ministers and receives Ambassadors and other diplomats. He is an executive president and acts as such. He derives his authorities from the constitution.

Office of the Vice President:

Aso Rock Villa, 3 Arm Square, Abuja, FCT.
The office of the Vice President is performed by such person who by practice is elected jointly with the President but chosen by the President to run with him as a running mate. The Vice president participates in cabinet meetings. He succeeds the President in invent of the President's death or if he becomes incapacitated.

The Judiciary

The Nigeria judicial system is based on the English Common law. At the apex of the judiciary is the supreme court of Nigeria and sits in Abuja; followed by the Court of Appeal, then the Federal High courts. At the states; are the state High Court and Magistrate Courts.

The Nigerian Judicial system predates the coloinal authority. In the South; local chiefs adjudicate in disputes among their subjects; while the Aklali does likewise in the North. After the Berlin Conference in 1885, Mr. Nash Hamilton Williams from Sierra Leone set up a law practice in Lagos colony. Mr. Christopher S. Williams was the first Nigerian to practice law in Nigeria. The Nigerian legal system has not only grown locally; but has also played pivotal roles beyond the Africa shore.

The Attorney-General is the chief legal officer of the country and he is appointed by the President.

Nigeria Attorney Generals since Independence
Name Year
Teslim Elias 1960-1965
G.M. Onyiuke 1966 (Jan.-July)
Taslim Eliasu 1966-1972
Nabo Graham Douglas 1972-1976
Daniel Ibekwe 1976 (Feb.-Nov.)
Augustine Nnamani 1976-1979
Richard Akinjide 1979-1983
Kehinde Sofola 1983 (Oct-Dec.)
Chike Ofodile 1984-1985
Bola Ajibola 1985-1991
Clement Akpamgbo 1991-1993
Olu Onagoruwa 1993-1985
Michael Agbamuche 1995-1997
Abdullahi Ibrahim 1997-1999
Kanu Agabi 1999-2002
Bola Ige 2002-Dec23 2003
Akilolu Olujimi 2003-2005
Bayo Ojo 2005-2007
Michael Aondoakaa 2007-2010
Mohammed Bello Adoke 2010-2015
Abubakar Malami 2015-Till Date

The Legistlature

The Legislative is entrusted with the Law making process of the country. The Legislatures are elected for a four-year term subject to re-election. The Legislative is made-up of the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY.

National Assembly:

The Nigerian National Assembly is composed of two houses. The Upper House - called the SENATE. It's made up of 109 members, three from each state and one from Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Members are elected for four years term. An aspirant for the seat must be a Nigerian and must be at least Thirty (30) years old. The Lower House of National Assembly is called House of REPRESENTATIVE. It is made up of 360 members. The number of each state's reprsentation is a reflection of that state's population by number.

National Assembly Law Making Procedures:

A proposed law before the House of Assembly is called a bill. Usually bills are raised in various ways. The bill could either be a Private bill, Committee bills or Executive bill. Basically, there are three types of bills; Money bill which deals with how public fund is raised and spent, Public bill deals with issues of public interest and Private member bill normally introduced by a member of the House seeking for relevant law to address specific issues. For the bill to become law it has to pass six stages. That is; first reading, second reading, committee stage, report stage, third reading and presidential assent.

Once both houses have passed the bill, the bill is sent to the president. The President cannot reject the bill. He can only delay it, in which case, it goes back to the House, and once it is passed the second time following the laid down procedures, it becomes a law without further need for a Presidential assent. When a bill becomes a law it is called an ACT OF PARLIAMENT.

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