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Oyo State
Government  |  Natives  |  Boundaries  |  Topography  |  Climate  |  Education  |  Economy  |  Agriculture  |  Minerals  |  Hotels
Capital Ibadan
Land Area & Rank 27,249 sq. km (15)
Year Created Feb. 3, 1976
Governor Isiaka Abiola Ajimobi, APC
Deputy Gov Moses Adeyemo
L.G.A 33
House of Assembly 32
Major Areas/Towns Ibadan (capital), Oyo, Ogbomoso, Iseyin, Saki
Local Dialects Yoruba
Motto “Pace Setter”
Population 2006 Census:
Rank & Sex: 5,591,589 (5)
Male: 2,809,840
Female: 2,781,749
Contact Phone Gov. Office: 234-2-8105660
SSG: 234-2-8103871
Info: 234-2-8104773
Liason Office Abuja Liaison Office:
Plot 77, Ralph Sodeinde Street
Opp. Ministry of Finance
P.M.B. 300, Garki
Tel/Fax : 09-2340046

Lagos Liaison Office:
Oduduwa House
Plot 1226, Ahamadu Bello Way
Victoria Island, Lagos.
Tel: 01- 2613371- 3, 612507
Local Government Areas
LGA Headquarter
Afijio Jobele
Akinyele Moniya
Atiba Offa-meta
Atisbo Tede
Egbeda Egbeda
Ibadan North Bodija
Ibadan North East Iwo Road
Ibadan North West Onireke
Ibadan South East Mapo
Ibadan South West Oluyole Estate
Ibarapa Central Igboora
Ibarapa East Eruwa
Ibarapa North Ayete
Iddo Iddo
Irepo Kisi
Iseyin Iseyin
Itesiwaju Otu
Iwajowa Iwere-Ile
Kajola Okeho
Lagelu Iyan-Offa
Ogbomosho North Kinnira
Ogbomosho South Arowomole
Ogo-Oluwa Agawa
Olorunsogo Igbeti
Oluyole Idi-Ayunre
Ona-Are Akanran
Orelope Igboho
Orire Ikoyi-Ile
Oyo East Kosobo
Oyo West Ojongbodu
Saki East Ago-Amodu
Saki West Saki
Surulere Iresa-Adu
Hotels & Tourism

Important places: Agodi Gardens at Ibadan, Ado-Awaye suspended lake, Mapo Hall; built 1929. Atiba hall at Oyo, built in 1932. University of Ibadan zoological Garden, Ido Cenotaph, Trans Amusement Park, Oke-Ogun National Park, Bowers Towers, the Cocoa House-first skyscrapper ( 25 story) building in Nigeria, and Mokola Cultural Centre.

Important Events: --

Kakanfo Inn
1, Nihinola Street,
Off Adebiyi Street, Ring Road
P.O.Box 1783, Ibadan
Tel: 234-2-2318603-10
Fax: 234-1-2318909

Lafia Hotel
Moore Plantation
P.M.B 15353, Apata
Tel: 234-2-2316555, 2313936, 2316742

Onireke Guest House
13, Kudeti Avenue
P.O.Box 2598
Onireke, Ibadan.

Summit Hotel
1, Jenta Adamu Street
Reservation, Onireke
Tel: 234-2-413607, 413198

Trans Nigeria Motels Ltd
Akinsola Maja Road
Jericho Reservation
P.M.B 5024, Ibadan
Tel: 234-2-715350

Premier Hotel
Mokola Hall
P.O.Box 1206, Dugbe, Ibadan
Tel: 234-2-2414304, 2413775.
Within its geo-political zone in the 18th Century, the Oyo Empire was by far the largest political unit with its capital stretching far north near Nupe and Borgu. Its political power was partly a reflection of its wealth, both as a producer of excellent textiles and as a merchant state; strategically situated between north and south. Kolanuts, cloth, salt and possible slaves were sent from the South to the North, in return for leather, knives and especially horses. Oyo's cavalry which depended on the constant import of horses became the key to her military might, striking terror amongst surrounding communities.

In 1895, the Colonial Governor of Lagos, Sir Gilbert Carter sent Captain R. L. Bower to Oyo because of some trouble there. The Alafin (king) tried to attack Bower party, but he was overpowered. By 1897, the entire Oyo Empire has come under the British control. The Arthur Richard constitution of 1947 placed the zone as part of Western region. The zone was organized as a state following the breaking up of old western region during the states creation exercise of 1967 by then Gen. Yakubu Gowon’s administration. As a state, Oyo State was created by Gen. Murtala Mohammed in 1976. Ibadan, the capital, was the administrative centre of the old western region/state.

The state is a homogeneous society comprising the Oyos, the Ibadans and the Ibarapas, all belonging to the Yoruba ethnic group. In 1948, the first university in Nigeria; University of Ibadan was established. On January 17, 1955 Oyo state then western region pioneered free education in Nigeria. In 1959, the first Television Station in Africa was established in Ibadan. Ibadan is also reputed to be the largest city in West Africa. In 1991 Osun state was carved out of it.  


In the South is Ogun State, in the North is Kwara State; in the West is an international border with the Republic of Benin, in the East by Osun State.


The state lies within the rain forest zone.


Two main seasons are associated with the state, that is, the rain and dry season. The rain season starts by March and ends in October. The dry season spans November to February.


The state has 1,576 primary schools, 324 secondary schools, 5 Technical Colleges, 2 colleges of education, 2 universities; University of Ibadan and Ladoke Akintola University of Technology. One polytechnic and 7 special Schools for Science.


The economy of the state is commerce (buying and selling) though majority of the rural population are engaged in agriculture.


Agricultural produces in the state are; maize, yam, millet, cocoa, cashew, plantain, palm produce and rice. The state also has three vast cattle ranches at saki, Fasola and Ibadan.

Mineral/Natural Resources:

Marble, clay, kaolin and aquamarine.

Famous Natives:

Samuel Akintola, Politican. Lamidi Adedibu, politican. Adisa Akinloye, Politican. Ayinde Barrister, musician. Iyabo Sanni Momoh (Mama Ajasco), actress. Kola Daisi, businessman. Esther Funmilayo, administrator. Ayodele Adigun, administrator. Kayode Afolabi, administrator. E.O. Okebukola, administrator. J. O. Oladele, administrator. Richard Akindele, Lawyer. 
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