|Land Area & Rank
||26,594 sq km. (18)
||February 3, 1976
||Aliyu Wammako, APC
|House of Assembly
||Sokoto (capital), Yobo, Ilela, Guddu, Binji
||“Seat of the Caliphate”
Rank & Sex: 3,696,989 (17)
||Gov. Office: 234 60 232175,
SSG: 234 60 232376,
Info: 234 60 232714
Abuja Liaison Office:
Plot 34, Zaria Street
By old Central Bank Building
Lagos Liaison Office:
17, Adeola Odeku Street
Victoria Island, Lagos
Tel: 01- 2613020
Mobile: 0804 2124049
|Local Government Areas
By Pass Road
P M B 2228
Tel: 234-60-231263, 231670
Sokoto Guest Inn
P. O. Box 431
Tel: 234- 60-233205, 232672
Tel: 234 60-232412, 232126
44, Abdullahi Fodio Rd
Tel: 234-60-232510, 233205
In 1804 Uthman Dan Fodio a Moslem Fulani teacher
attacked Sokoto and its environs in the popular Jihad war.
The land that he conquered became known as the Fulani
Empire. He later shared the empire between his younger
brother-Abdullahi and his son-Bello. In 1809, the walls of
a new town Sokoto was built and Bello made Sokoto his
capital, the famous Sokoto caliphate. The Holy war
(Jihad) came to an end in 1810. In 1900, the Royal Niger
Company surrendered its charter and the British
Government took over the area of Northern Nigeria;
consequently, the caliphates fell under the British control.
In 1947 when the British partitioned the country into
regions, Sokoto came under the Northern region. In 1967
following state creation by then Gen. Yakubu Gowon’s
administration, Sokoto was made part of North West State.
Sokoto was constituted as a state on February 3, 1976 out
of the defunct North West state by then Gen. Murtala
Muhammed regime. In 1991 Kebbi state was carved out;
also in another state creation exercise in 1996, Zamfara
state was also carved out of the state.
Sokoto state is a
homogenous Hausa/Fulani ethnic society. On 29October
2006, the state witnessed one of the saddest events in the
history of the state. The 19th Sultan, Mohammadu
Maccido died in ADC plane crash at Abuja along with his
son and grandson. Also included in the same crash, were
one time the state deputy governor, two Senators of the
state and other state's government officials. On November
2, 2006, an army officer, Colonel Mohammed Sa'ad
Abubakar 3rd emerged as the 20th Sultan of Sokoto.
In the North; is an international border with Republic
of Niger, in the West is Kebbi state, in the East and
South is Zamfara state.
The topography is dominated by rolling peneplain, which
rises from an elevation of 300 metres to an average
height of 450metres in the Southwest. The state falls
between the semi-arid region and Sahel savannah.
Two main seasons are experienced in the state (dry and
wet season) the rain/wet reason is from April to October,
while the dry season lasts from November to March. The
weather is coldest in the months of November- February
with average temperature put at 15oc. The hottest month
The state has one university- Usman Dan Fodio University.
School of Nursing and Midwery. A college of education;
Shehu Shagari College of Education.
The economy is agro based. The present government is
encouraging industrialisation through various incentives
to both foreign and indigenous investors. The state
has tomato processing firm, sugar refining firm, textile
firm, Sokoto cement company; Sokoto soft drink factory
and leather processing firm.
More than 50 percent of the labour forces are engaged
in farming. The main crops produced are; millet, guinea
corn, maize, rice, beans, wheat, potatoes, groundnut,
cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, fruits, vegetables, oranges,
mangoes, cashew, bananas, lettuce, spinach, okra, cabbage,
pawpaw and guava. There is an estimated 15 million heads
of livestock- cattle, camel, sheep, goats etc making
the state second largest producer of livestock after
Uthman Dan Fodio, teacher/clergy.
Shehu Shagari, Nigeria President (1979-1983).
Mohammed Arzika, Politician. Muktar Shagari, politician.
Garba Nadama, politician. Shehu Kangiwa, politician.
Yayaya Abdulkarim, politician..