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Yobe State
Government  |  Natives  |  Boundaries  |  Topography  |  Climate  |  Education  |  Economy  |  Agriculture  |  Minerals  |  Hotels
Capital Damaturu
Land Area & Rank 47,153 sq. km (6)
Year Created August 27, 1991
Governor Ibrahim Geidam, APC
Deputy Gov Abubakar Aliyu
L.G.A 17
House of Assembly 24
Major Areas/Towns Damaturu (capital), Fika, Bara Gashua, Yusufari.
Local Dialects Hausa, Kanuri, Bade.
Motto “The Young Shall Grow”
Population 2006 Census:
Rank & Sex: 2,321,591(32)
Male: 1,206,003
Female: 1,115,588
Contact Phone Gov. Office: 234-76-522225,
SSG: 234-76-522838
Liason Office Abuja Liaison Office:
Plot 1004, Gimbiya Street
Off Ahmadu Bello Way
Garki 11, Abuja
Tel: 09- 2340306
Fax: 09-3140306

Lagos Liaison Office:
Plot 1227, Bishop Oluwole Street
Victoria Island, Lagos
Tel/ Fax: 01- 615060, 610748
Local Government Areas
LGA Headquarter
Bade Gashua
Bursari Dapchi
Damaturu Damaturu
Fika Fika
Fune Damagum
Geidam Geidam
Gujba Buni-Yadi
Gulani Bara
Jakusko Jakusko
Karasuwa Jajimaji
Machina Machina
Nangere Nangere
Nguru Nguru
Potiskum Potiskum
Tarmua Babangida
Yunusari Kanamma
Yusufari Yusufari
Hotels & Tourism

Important places: Dagona birds sanctuary, Ruins of Birin Gazargamo, Tombs of Fikamai's, Tulo- Tulowa “The Desert Village of Hope”, Old Da'ura settlement, Palace of Mai Machina, Dokshi hot and cold spring water and Dufuna Canoe.

Important Events: Gorgaram fishing & cultural festival, Barakau Annual festival.

State Hotel

Palace Hotel
Maiduguri Road,
Yobe state has a pluralistic population with a rich and diverse historical and cultural heritage. The major ethnic groups in the state include Kanuri, Fulani, Karai-Karai, Bolewa, Ngizin, Bade, Ngamo, Shuwa and Hausa. Most of the people are peasant farmers with quite a number engaging in livestock rearing and production; trading and fishing. The people are known for the world renowned Durbar and other rich cultural and traditions which had its root to their historical linkages with the Arabs. The Durbar provides a forum for the leaders to discuss issues of common interest.

This explains why the Durbar is usually organized on important occasions like Sallah celebration, Turbaning of Traditional rulers as well as to honour August visitors. The state council of Chiefs plays advisory role to the state as well as local government. Before the creation of the state, it was part of the Northern region. In 1967, it was part of North Eastern state, and in 1976, it became part of Borno state until its creation in 1991 with Damaturu as the capital. The state derived its name from River Yobe.  


It has an international border with Niger Republic in the North, within the country, it shares border in the west with Jigawa and Bauchi states, in the east is Borno state; in the South are Gombe and Borno states.


A generally flat surface with undulating sand dunes except for the Southern parts of Gujba and Fika Local Government Areas where the land is generally rocky. The river Yobe is one of the most important geographical features in the state. There are two main vegetations in the state; the Sahel in the North and the Sudan savannah in the South. The state has been severely under threat of desert encroachment thereby creating arid and semi-arid conditions.


The state has a hot and dry climatic feature in the Northern part for most part of the year. In the South especially in the rocky areas of Gujba and Fika local government areas, the weather is at both extremes of hot and cool, depending on the time of the year. The hottest months are March, April and May with temperatures ranging from 300C 420C. The rain season in the state varies from place to place, but generally lasts for about 120days in the North and more than 140 days in the South. Annual rainfall ranges from 500mm to 1000mm and the rain season is normally from June to September in the North and May to October in the South.


The state is classified as one of the educationally disadvantaged states. The present government is doing much to improve the standard of education in the state.


Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy with only few in the civil service and others in small cottage industries.


The state is a leader in the production of Gum Arabic. Other agricultural produce in the state include; maize, millet, sorghum, wheat, rice, groundnut, cotton, beans (cow peas). The state is also a leader in livesstocks production.

Mineral/Natural Resources:

Limestone, Kaolin, Gypsum, Trona (Potash) Diatomite, Silica Sand, Dofarga spring waters, natural salt, epsomite, bentonite and clay shale.

Famous Natives:

Badamasi Gamawa, administrator. Ibrahim Gadaka, educator. Usman Barko, health officer. Abubakar Waziri, army Gen rtd. Maina Waziri, Politician. Hassan Mamman, administrator. Goni Modu Bura, politician. Tijani Tumsa, Politician. Hassan Abba, administrator. Mohammed Tsofo, administrator. Hassan El-Badawy, administrator. Audu Lawan, lawyer. Usman Sugum, politician. Baba Ba'aba, justice. Adamu Ciroma, administrator. Sanda Yelwa, lawyer. Hudu Mohammed, clergy. Abali Ibn Idissa, monarch (Emir of Fika)  
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