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Zamfara State
Government  |  Natives  |  Boundaries  |  Topography  |  Climate  |  Education  |  Economy  |  Agriculture  |  Minerals  |  Hotels
Capital Gusau
Land Area & Rank 32,247sq km (11)
Year Created October 1, 1996
Governor Abdul-Aziz Yari Abubakar, APC
Deputy Gov Ibrahim Wakkala
L.G.A 14
House of Assembly 24
Major Areas/Towns Gusau (capital), Anka, Zugu, Kaura-Namoda, Talata-Marafa
Local Dialects Hausa
Motto “Farming is our Pride”
Population 2006 Census:
Rank & Sex: 3,259,846 (21)
Male: 1,630,344
Female: 1,629,502
Contact Phone Gov. Office: 234-63-201092,
SSG: 234-63-203178, 202251
Info: 234-63-202120, 202857
Liason Office Abuja Liaison Office:
16, Sangha Street
Off Mississippi Street
Maitama Abuja.
Tel: 09-4137618
Fax: 09-4137619

Lagos Liaison Office:
17, Adeola Odeku Street
Victoria Island Lagos
Tel: 01- 2611662, 613020
Mobile; 0804 3312492
Local Government Areas
LGA Headquarter
Anka Anka
Bakura Bakura
Birni-magaji Birni-magaji
Bukkuyum Bukkuyum
Bungudu Bungudu
Gummi Gummi
Gusau Gusau
Kaura-Namoda Kaura-Namoda
Maradun Maradun
Maru Maru
Shinkafi Shinkafi
Talata-Mafara Talata-Mafara
Tsafe Tsafe
Zurmi Zurmi
Hotels & Tourism

Important places: Jata, an ancient settlement of Zamfara located around hills with a large cave.

Important events: Annual sallah celebration.

Sukura Hotel
Gusau Road, Gusau
Tel: 234-60-200019
Zamfara ancient empire dates its origin to about 13th century with powerful rulers that reigned in succession each conveying a very flourishing social and economic development of the empire upto the advent of the Jihadists. With the emergence of the Jihadists the empire automatically came under the Sokoto Caliphate. In fact the trend was so amicable that the Jihadists made Zamfara their training ground and subsequently established a military cantonment at Sabon Gari; the then capital of Zamfara empire. The smooth and cordial relationship between Zamfara and the Jihadists cruised up to the time of the conclusion of the Jihad. Abu Hamid from Zamfara was among the best that was considered good to be made one of the 14 flag bearers of the caliphate.

In 1903 when Sir Fredrick Lugard captured sokoto, Zamfara remained a powerful separate unit with sterling political entity. In 1967 when Nigeria was split into twelve states; Zamfara fell under Sokoto. For administrative convenience Sokoto was then broken down into 48 districts of which 13 fell under Zamfara territory. All the 48 districts were under a single emirate.

In 1996, Zamfara was carved out of Sokoto State by Gen. Sani Abacha’s administration. At creation, there was not a single Emirate. The then Militry Governor Col. J. B. Yakubu created five Emirate Councils in Zamfara to catch up with other states in the region as Zamfara was the only state that had no representation during the council of Emirs meeting at such gatherings.

The state is a homogenous Hausa/Fulani ethnic group. In 1999, the state Government introduced Sharia legal system; making history as the first state in Nigeria to be governed under the Islamic legal code.  


In the North is an international border with Republic of Niger, in the Northwest is Sokoto state, in the East is Katsina State, in the South is Kebbi and Niger States.


The state has a flat land mass of 32,247 sq km representing 4% of the Nigeria total land area with scattered short trees.


The state has two distinct climate conditions the dry and wet season. The dry season lasts from October - April; while the wet season is from May-September. The state has an average temperature of 37oc. November to early January is very cold and dusty as a result of the harmattan wind. Temperature could be as low as 13oc during this period.


The state is one of the educationally disadvantaged states. But the present government is leaving no stone unturned to ensure that the state catches up with her contemporaries especially in the south of the country. The State has a total of Thirty six secondary schools and a federal polytechnic at Kaura Namoda.


The state has the following industries: modern bakery in Gusau, Gusau oil mill, Zamfara Textile industries limited in Gusau, Gusau sweets factory and the cotton gingery at Gusau. The Natives are also engaged in cottage industries such as, weaving and selling of locally dyed and designed materials among other woven products often made from date-palm raffia.


Over 80 percent of the labour force is engaged in various forms of agriculture. Major agricultural products include: millet, guinea corn, maize, rice, groundnut, cotton, tobacco and beans.

Mineral/Natural Resources:

Kaolin and large fertile land suitable for agriculture.

Famous Natives:

Aliyu Mohammed Gusau, army officer rtd. Ahmed Sanni, politician. Usman Bungudu, Lawyer. Sani Dan Aino, Musician. Ahmed Yerima, politician (former governor 1999-2007).  
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